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Home > Blog > The History of Rodeo in The Official Rodeo Capital of Texas

The History of Rodeo in The Official Rodeo Capital of Texas

The Texas State Legislature officially declared Mesquite the Official Rodeo Capital of Texas in 1993 because the City of Mesquite hosts more rodeo events than any other city in the state, including Fort Worth. https://www.tsl.texas.gov/ref/abouttx/capitals.html

Rodeo grew out of the American West’s cattle industry, but no one seems to agree on exactly when or where it started. Several dusty cow towns claim to be the home of the first rodeo including Sante Fe, New Mexico, in 1847, Deer Trail, Colorado, in 1869, and Pecos, Texas, in 1883.

The rodeo’s origins, however, date back to the time when Spanish conquistadors first colonized the New World in the 16th century. Along with their culture, the Spanish introduced horses and cattle to the Southwest. As the cattle industry grew to satisfy the demands of the East Coast market, cowboys (originally called vaqueros) were needed to work the cattle. The golden era of the cowboy began after the Civil War with the advent of large ranches and cattle drives.

The annual Mesquite Rodeo Parade
The annual Rodeo Parade is held in Mesquite each April.

Herding cattle and working on the open range attracted many young adventurers. The cattle industry flourished, especially in Texas, and cowboys on horseback developed the skills, equipment, and terminology used in today’s rodeos. Riding, roping, and branding became necessary skills for men leading cattle drives to railheads out east. During their free time, cowboys regularly tested themselves against one another for bragging rights or for money. It was out of these friendly competitions that many say the first rodeo came about.

In the late 1800s, towns would host “Frontier Days” or “stampedes,” which were loosely held festivals that highlighted cowboy games. Famous cowboys like Buffalo Bill Cody and Bill Pickett performed their Wild West Shows that traveled around and gave city folks a glimpse of what life was like on the open range. The modern rodeo evolved from these shows and the Frontier Day competitions. In 1929, the Rodeo Association of America was formed to set rules for the sport and develop a point system so that a national champion could be named.

Modern-Day Rodeo Competitions

Horses at the Mesquite Rodeo
The rodeo is a family-friendly event with lots of activities for the kids.

The Mesquite Championship Rodeo is one of the few continuously running rodeos in the country. Neal Gay founded the Mesquite Championship Rodeo in 1958 as a permanent rodeo, as opposed to the traveling competitions that were popular at that time. The rodeo struggled in its early years, but in the 1970s, Interstate 635 was constructed, giving fans all over the Dallas area easy access to the arena.

Called “the original Western sport,” rodeo is the oldest sports franchise in Dallas. ESPN began broadcasting rodeo performances from the Mesquite Championship Rodeo in the mid-1980s and it’s now one of the most televised rodeos in the world. The Professional Rodeo Cowboy Association has nominated the event for Rodeo of the Year several times.


Today, thousands of fans gather at the Mesquite Arena each summer to watch favorite rodeo events like saddle bronc riding, steer wrestling, bareback riding, team roping, barrel racing, tie-down roping, and — of course – bull riding. Fans are even invited down to the arena floor to meet the cowboys and cowgirls before the competitions start. The family-friendly event also includes mechanical bull riding, barrel racing, face-painting, roping demos, and pony rides. You’ll also find some specialty rodeos held outside the rodeo season, including a hip-hop rodeo in March, the Cowboys of Color in November, and the Winter Classic in December.

Throw in some good-old Texas barbeque and a band playing two-stepping, boot-scootin’ music, and this is quite possibly the most authentic Texan entertainment you will find in the state. Come see for yourself how those hardscrabble cowboy skills have evolved into today’s modern rodeo: plan your visit today!

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